Wall Trail – Overview

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Overview    –   see map 1

Walking the trail around the Walls is roughly like walking the edge of a kilometre square [but more interesting than this sounds!]. Each side in this square has a grand medieval fortified gateway called a “bar”. The trail is divided by these bars into 4 unequal corners.

Trail map 1

Map 1  –  The City Walls Trail and access to the wall-walk

North Corner: The Minster

The corner that points north is the smallest and neatest corner, the only corner where the trail is always on the Walls. It is dominated by views of York’s large and beautiful Cathedral church, views often glimpsed through mature trees. It is the most walked corner, the wall-walk here has railings or wall on both sides and several of the towers [low, open topped and open backed –like all interval and corner towers] have benches.

East Corner: Mix and Marsh

One part of this corner’s Walls is like a continuation of the wall in the north but there is also a twisting part, a lowish part with no railings and a tower built [uniquely in the Walls] of brick. There is no wall at all where the corner angle should be because here there was once a big marshy lake; here the trail runs beside a river and cuts off the corner. The buildings you pass by are a mix of church and state, domestic and commercial, Roman, medieval, Georgian, Victorian and modern.

South Corner: Castles and Crossings

This corner is the longest. Overall it is shaped like a corner with the angle punched in, it is punched in where the Walls stop to cross two rivers and where there are the remains of two castles. Six roads cross the line of the trail in this corner [more than in the other three corners put together] –and three of these crossings have the remains of medieval gateways.

West Corner: Railways and Ruins

This corner is in two stages, south of the River Ouse the wall-walk climbs to its highest near York’s much admired Victorian railway station. Here it goes over arches built to let people get out of the city to this station –and over arches built to let trains get into York’s previous railway station! North of the Ouse the trail runs beside the Walls; Roman walls and other picturesque ruins are set in public gardens here.

The Bars

If you are selecting just parts of the Walls to walk then it helps to know more about the 4 main bars you will be choosing between, though they are all fine medieval buildings.

Yorks Main Bars
The four main Bars of York (AF)

Bootham Bar

This is in the north-west, it has the best background of any bar [when viewed from outside the city; the best view of any bar is usually from the front, from outside the city]. It is the only bar where the free trail takes you through the room above the bar’s archway and where that archway is still the main way through the Walls at that point.

Monk Bar

This is in the north-east, it is the tallest and strongest bar. It is the only one with its original medieval wall and windows surviving on the city side. It is the only one where you use the steep, low-ceilinged internal stairs to get to the wall-walk. Sadly, since covid, access to its portcullis [complete with the mechanism to wind it up and down] and medieval toilet has been very limited.

Walmgate Bar

This is in the south-east, it is said to be the only city gate in England which still has its barbican. It is the only York bar where you can see clearly the [possible] scars of military attacks on it. If its café is open then you have access to its rooms and to the wall-walk around its barbican [as well as to fair-priced coffee and cakes! For details see “Refreshments, Seats & Toilets” in the Appendix].

Micklegate Bar

This is in the south-west, it is probably the most pictured bar. It is the bar where royal visitors are regularly greeted and some like the view into York from above its arch. If you pay you can enjoy its well-presented, informative City Walls museum [April -October].


The Lesser Gateways:  Fishergate Bar, Fishergate Postern and Victoria Bar

Yorks Minor Bars
The “Lesser Gateways” of York (AF)

These are in the south corner between Walmgate Bar and Micklegate Bar, they can also claim to be medieval gateways into York but they are much less impressive. At Fishergate Bar and Fishergate Postern you can see interesting medieval stonework;
Friends of York Walls sometimes open the tall, roofed tower which guarded the postern  [for details see https://yorkwalls.org.uk].


Walls above the dry ditch along Lord Mayors Walk. (AF)

The Trail Sections :

The trail has been written about as a clockwise walk and is divided into 13 sections starting at Bootham Bar, the north-west gate. Each section starts with the “basics” – these are for every reader, including those who want to walk the Walls speedily (taking, perhaps, a little more than an hour to walk the whole trail).   “Basics” are followed by “details” – more details about this bit of the trail. Next come “views” – describing things that can be seen from the trail but which are beyond the Walls and ramparts come next.  “Off-trail extras” are mainly less than 100 metres walk from the trail and many of these bring their rewards within 20 metres –they are for you to select from, if a section has more than one then they are numbered, the first being the one that involves leaving the trail first. At the end of each section of the trail come brief “stories”, we believe these to be true –with the obvious exception of the last! –they are certainly truer than the story you may have seen in the award-winning film “Braveheart”[2002] where Scots patriot William Wallace is shown leading an army that storms over York’s Walls. The Walls were never successfully stormed, and Wallace’s army did not even get to York.

York Minster and Deans Park from the wall-walk. (AF)

The web pages  Walls Trail – HOME, INTRODUCTION and OVERVIEW contain some small sections of repeated text. This has been done to aid the clarity when viewing these as individual pages.

For the individual  Walls Trail Sections follow the links below. 


Wall Trail:     –       map 1

Wall Trail: Introduction & Access

The Trail:  Section 1. Bootham Bar                          [map 3]

The Trail:  Section 2. North Corner       (Bootham Bar to Monk Bar)

The Trail:  Section 3. Monk Bar                                  [map 4]

The Trail:  Section 4. East Corner, part1  (Monk Bar to the river Foss)

The Trail:  Section 5. East Corner, part2  (River Foss to the Red Tower)

The Trail:  Section 6. East Corner, part3  (Red tower to Walmgate Bar)

The Trail:  Section 7. Walmgate Bar                       [map 5]

The Trail:  Section 8. South Corner, part1  (Walmgate Bar to Fishergate Postern)

The Trail:  Section 9.South Corner, part2  (Fishergate Posern to the river Ouse)

The Trail:  Section 10. South Corner, part3  (River Ouse to Micklegate Bar)

The Trail:  Section 11. Micklegate Bar                    [map 6]

The Trail:  Section 12. West Corner, part1  (Micklegate Bar to the river Ouse)

The Trail:  Section 13. West Corner, part2  (River Ouse to Bootham Bar)

Wall Trail: Appendix   (with more on stonework, plants, notices, names, cafes & pubs, etc..)

Walls Trail: History & Time Line                                 [map 2]

Walls Trail: Glossary, Maps & Credits

Walls Trail: Contents & Links



AF / SM (Text)     UPDATE      3 November 2022
Long Top Banner with text

Layout, text and all content is copyright to the Friends of York Walls.
Any comments, errors/corrections, etc.  to   walks@yorkwalls.org.uk

A similar guide to this on-line guide is also in print, and sold for about £6.00
See “A Walking Guide to York’s City Walls”  by Simon Mattam. Eboru Publishing  – ISBN 978 0 9929002 0 5.
It was published in 2014,  but is updated on its Facebook page   HERE


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